Yarpole Church where Millborough Brown and
Edward Pardoe were married 30th April 1692
View Brian Loomes 1997 article on this clock
Click an image to superze
View original Marriage Register
View original Marriage Licence
View original Edward Paro's Will
View original Marriage Licence
llustrated here is a wonderfully historical 17th century verge lantern clock by Richard Savage of Much Wenlock in Shropshire. The names of the first owners,' Edw. Mill. Pardo' are engraved on the top fret. Research carried out in the 1980s by Brian Loomes and the late Douglas Elliott found that:- Edward Pardoe of ye parish of Milford Globe in ye County of Salop & Millborough Brown of ye parish of Yarpole in ye County of Herefordshire were married by License in Yarpole on April 30th 1692.
ore recent research suggests to me that the clock was probably purchased from Richard Savage by Millborough's father John Browne who would of had the clock specially made for his daughter’s wedding after consulting with Savage and then gifting it to the newlyweds on their special day in April 1692. The wedding ceremony took place in Yarpole Church.
fter spending some time living in Yarpole, Edward and Millborough moved 12 miles away to live in Bitterley, Shropshire where in March 1695 they had a baby girl called Anna. However, sadly in the following year Millborough died in child birth and she was buried at Bitterley on September 14th, 1696. Their new baby boy, Johannes, was buried only thirteen days later on September 27th. Edward married again in 1699 and died in 1715, being buried back at Bitterley alongside his first wife, Millborough. The original Christenings, Weddings and Burials register for Yarpole still survive, as do the original Yarpole marriage license, in which Edward Pardoe and John Browne (Millborough’s father) have signed their names. Edward Pardo's will also survives.
he lantern clock is very interesting in its own right. Not only has it
been made by Shropshires earliest known domestic clockmakers for whom work is known to survive today, but it is in a lovely original condition, which includes retaining its original verge escapement and all of its original wheelwork. It has goblet shaped collets and its original verge pendulum is positioned inside the back plate. The top and bottom plates are made of iron instead of brass and it has an integral iron hoop, indicating that Rchard Savage was a maker who clearly thought for himself. The superb single iron hand is original.
ichard Savage was born in Wenlock Magna (the ancient name for Much Wenlock), Shropshire, on 2 August 1663, the son of William & Joan Savage. He was one of the middle children of a family with at least 11 children, not all of whom survived their childhood. Richard married Elizabeth Price of Bridge north in 1685/86, after he would have finished his apprenticeship. Their children included William, born in Wenlock Magna on 15th September 1687 and Thomas, also born in Wenlock Magna, on 17th August 1690. William was apprenticed to his father, in Shrewsbury, in 1700 and Thomas, also in Shrewsbury, in 1703 when both were aged 13. Elizabeth, Richards’s wife, died in Shrewsbury on 7th March 1722. Richard re-married, to Margaret Jones on 19th October 1726, but he himself died, in Shrewsbury, on 27th June, aged 64.
ichard Savage Lantern Clock.
Herefordshire, 30th April,
Made for ye Yarpole Wedding of
Edward Pardo and Millborough
Brown, at ye Yarpole church in
hooded wall clock by Richard Savage of Shrewsbury.
Dating from the late c1680s. It is a primitive example with a facinating historical provenance and will compliment the 1692 Richard Savage Lantern Clock illustrated here
howing a close up of the superb original single iron hand
ade for the marriage of Edward Pardoe and Millborough Browne,
who were married by Licence at Yarpole Church,
Herefordshire, 30th April, 1692
everal clocks signed by Richard Savage are known, and some of these but not all, are dated. Richard was apprenticed around 1677, and was a qualified clockmaker from about 1684/5. There is a lantern clock dated 1692 which is illustrated here. (It has no place name but was made in Wenlock Magna) and another lantern dated 1694 signed ' Wenlock Magna'. There are also several wall clocks by Savage dating from c 1696, signed '' Wenlock Magna' (all have beautifully engraved square dials) and a wall clock is known to exist by Savage that is dated 1688. Recent examples to have come to light by Savage include an oak paneled longcase dating from the c1680s and a primitive hooded wall clock that is also believed to possibily date during the 1680s. Finally there is a round dial iron cased hook-and-spike of the c1720s (illustrated on this website).
he question arises as to who taught Richard Savage his skills. While unsophisticated, his work shows good attention to detail and decoration, and is in no way crude. He is most unlikely to have been able to teach himself, in those days, to an acceptable standard. There is no evidence about his apprenticeship, and one can only conjecture. Assuming that the date of 1677 is right for the start of his apprenticeship, there were 5 clockmakers working in Shropshire at that time, with 3 watchmakers working in Shrewsbury. Of the clockmakers, two worked at the other end of the county and another appears to be an itinerant church clock repairer. The most likely candidates appear to be William Haseldine of Rowton (working 1672-1726) about 15 miles from Much Wenlock, Edward Norton of Berrington (1680), 8 miles from Much Wenlock, and Richard Bird of Much Wenlock itself. The formers two existence is only known from the records of repairs to church clocks in those places, so they might have been itinerants too. Richard Bird, however, was born in Wenlock Magna on 25th August 1605, and married there on 3rd March 1632. He would have been 72 when Savage started his apprenticeship and 79 when Savage became free – he was definitely working in 1659 and the possibility that he was Savages mentor is strongest.
ichard Savage's Lantern clock dated 1692, is a really nice and exciting find because it is very hard to locate genuine surviving 17th century examples which reveal their known year of origin and exact date of ownership. In this case we also have the added excitement of having the original marriage license showing Edward Pardoe's signature which was probably signed on the actual day he and his new bride Millborough first received their then brand new clock on the 30th of April 1692. The same document also shows the signature of John Brown (Millborough’s father), who I think is the most likely person who initially travelled the 29 miles from Yarpole to Much Wenlock to see Richard Savage and discuss having a 'special clock' made for his daughters wedding. In my opinion, it is an historically important surviving lantern clock for both the village of Yarpole (Herefordshire) and town of Wenlock Magna (Shropshire) since both places had a big part to play in the clocks existence!
Please Contact Lee Borrett
Shropshires earliest domestic Clockmaker for whom work is known to survive today.
n December 2015, The Community Website for Yarpole Parish published a Living History Newsletter that was written by Rhianon Turrell. It had some interesting new information which I enclose here.
ilborough was baptised in Yarpole in September 1667 daughter of John &Ann Browne making her 24 years old when she married Edward Pardoe
ilborough’s father John Browne appears on the marriage licence and in the christening register of Yarpole. There are only a few Brown(e)s in the Yarpole registers but John Brown is referred to in a memorandum of 1672 that Thomas & John Bedford gave up all their rights to the pews lately enclosed by John Brown gent. If this is the same John Brown (the ‘e’ seems to come & go) this would imply he is a man of some substance to enclose the pews and style himself gent. This would match with the magnificent wedding present.
y thanks go out to Brian Loomes for allowing me to use any information on this website - that he has previously had published in text books or magazines regarding Richard Savage and this clock.
y thanks go out to Rhianon Turrell and the Yarpole Community website for publishing this new information which adds weight to my theory that it was probably John Browne (Millborough's father) who purchased the clock from Richard Savage for his daughter’s wedding in 1692 as I can only imagine that it was a very expensive item to buy at the time!
arpole Church, where Millborough Brown and Edward Pardoe
are thought to have been married on the 30th April 1692
ichard Savage clock Wanted in any condition.
wonderfully historicYarpole Wedding Clock. Made by Richard Savage,
View Brian Loomes 1997 article on this clock
View original Yarpole Weddings Register